Clinical chemistry tests cover a number of areas.
They include enzyme tests from blood, which can be used to look for tissue and cell damage to determine which organ has been injured or damaged (e.g. liver tests include AST, cholinesterase, and LDH).
In case of laboratory tests for heart patients, we mainly observe the differences in CK, CK-MB, LDH, and in the case of diabetes, the most common tests are glucose (blood sugar) and HbA1c.
When it comes to the excretory organ system, i.e. kidney and urinary tract, urea and creatinine are included in the clinical chemistry test, while in case of the digestive system, saliva, gastric juice, pepsin, gastrin, Helicobacter, pancreatic enzymes, absorption and faeces, and faecal blood are included in the clinical chemistry tests.
During fat metabolism, the structure and breakdown of fats and fatty substances takes place primarily in the liver. Therefore, periodic monitoring of cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL levels is recommended. In the case of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, the blood cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels that increase the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease are high.
During the testing of bone diseases and osteoporosis, the monitoring of calcium, phosphate and vitamin D levels is the primary examination area.