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Clinical chemistry laboratory tests

Why is laboratory testing important?

Laboratory tests can help identify or, where appropriate, rule out the underlying diseases.

However, it is important to highlight that the result of a laboratory test does not in itself constitute a diagnosis, only the results are included in the finding. You will receive the diagnosis, therapy or treatment recommendation from your specialist or treating physician who ordered the laboratory tests.

Contact your doctor with all laboratory test results.

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Clinical chemistry laboratory tests

Clinical chemistry tests cover a number of areas.

They include enzyme tests from blood, which can be used to look for tissue and cell damage to determine which organ has been injured or damaged (e.g. liver tests include AST, cholinesterase, and LDH).

In case of laboratory tests for heart patients, we mainly observe the differences in CK, CK-MB, LDH, and in the case of diabetes, the most common tests are glucose (blood sugar) and HbA1c.

When it comes to the excretory organ system, i.e. kidney and urinary tract, urea and creatinine are included in the clinical chemistry test, while in case of the digestive system, saliva, gastric juice, pepsin, gastrin, Helicobacter, pancreatic enzymes, absorption and faeces, and faecal blood are included in the clinical chemistry tests.

During fat metabolism, the structure and breakdown of fats and fatty substances takes place primarily in the liver. Therefore, periodic monitoring of cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL levels is recommended. In the case of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, the blood cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels that increase the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease are high.

During the testing of bone diseases and osteoporosis, the monitoring of calcium, phosphate and vitamin D levels is the primary examination area.

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Available laboratory tests

24-hour urine copper
Vitamin A
Albumin from serum
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin
Alpha-amylase
ALP (alkaline phosphatase)
AST
Active B12
Vitamin B12
Beta crosslaps
Bilirubin direct
Bilirubin total
Ca (calcium)
Zinc
CK (Creatine Kinase)
CK-MB
Ceruloplasmin
C-reactive protein (CRP)
Ferritin
Folic acid (Vitamin B9)
Phosphorus (phosphate, PO4)

Fructosamine
Gamma-glutamil transferase (GGT)
GOT (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase)
GPT
HBA1C
HDL Cholesterol
hs cTroponin
Uric acid
Insulin
Potassium
Carbamide
Chloride
Cholesterol
Cholinesterase
Creatinine
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LD)
LDL Cholesterol
Lipase
PLAC test (Lp-PLA2 )
Lithium (Li)

Magnesium (Mg)
Natrium (Na)
NT-pro BNP
non HDL-cholesterol
Osteocalcin
Total protein
Copper (Cu)
Se Digoxin
Serum bile acid measurement
Serum protein electrophoresis
Transferrin
Triglyceride
Valproic acid
Iron (Fe)
Glucose test
Kidney Stone Analysis
Urine amylase
Urine Calcium/creatinine
Potassium urine test
Urine sodium

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