Within the framework of the neurology clinic, the specialist first interviews the patient about their current symptoms, previous illnesses, diseases in the family, and then reviews the previous findings, on the basis of which he establishes the medical history. The neurologist then performs condition assessment tests.
The neurologist checks the patient’s mental state and speech skills with simple questions, and with tasks that require minimal activity, they check the coordination of movement, gait, balance, muscle strength, vision, and other sensory functions. Finally, the neurologist also uses a reflex hammer to check the patient’s reflexes. These check-ups can be used to determine whether the complaint is of nervous system origin, and what additional tests are needed to make a diagnosis.
In order to find out the cause of the complaint, the neurologist can most often order modern imaging examinations (cranial MR, spinal MR, cranial CT, spinal CT, X-ray) or various electrophysiological examinations to examine the brain (electroencephalography, EEG), peripheral nerves (electron neurography, ENG) and the electrical function of the muscles (electromyography, EMG). Since certain diseases show genetic accumulation, laboratory tests may be required.