The female reproductive system is more complex than that of men. The female organ produces eggs and can carry, feed and protect the developing foetus.
The purpose of the uterus is to receive the fertilized egg so that the foetus can develop in it and then be born when it reaches maturity. On one hand, the uterus feeds the developing foetus on with its relaxed mucosa and through the creation of the maternal part of the placenta. On the other hand, when the foetus reaches maturity, it ensures its birth with the contractions of its muscle wall.
The human uterus is an inverted pear-shaped organ located in the pelvis. Its wall is largely made up of dense smooth muscle. Its length before giving birth for the first time is 7-8 cm, width is about 5 cm. It weighs 90-120 grams. The size of the uterus of women who have already given birth is slightly larger in size.
Due to its structure, gynaecologists distinguish three parts: the vagina, cervix, and the uterus itself.