Rheumatology is the medical specialty that deals with the conservative, or not surgical, treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. Rheumatologists treat the disorders of the spine, intervertebral discs, bones, joints, and the surrounding tendons, ligaments, and muscles. Rheumatology diseases include inflammatory (of autoimmune or metabolic origin) joint diseases, degenerative joint disorders, and spinal pain syndromes. Rheumatology also deals with osteoporosis.
Rheumatology disorders are frequent among the elderly, but may affect any age group, irrespective of gender, race, and financial situation, including children. Rheumatologic diseases occur throughout the world in every climate. Worldwide, every seventh person is affected.
See a rheumatologist with the following symptoms
Lumbar, back or neck pain that may have numerous causes. The most frequent cause: increased physical stress, bad posture, intervertebral disc abnormality, obesity, which may maintain inflammation around the spine and the small joints, the cause may also be nerve compression. Radiating nerve pain may cause pain and /or numbness in the limbs (legs and arms).
Joint pain (arthralgia)
means pain developing around the joints. It is not caused by infection or injury, but frequently by joint strain or very mild injuries, for example those suffered during sports. The pain usually alleviates in a short time. Almost everyone experiences some pain as one gets older. Most of the pain around the joints is mild rheumatism, which ceases soon.
Joint inflammation (arthritis)
means an inflammation of the joint, which causes pain and rigidity. If left untreated, the joints may gradually become impaired. Rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative joint disease are common rheumatic diseases of the joints.
Bone mass and calcium content decrease, which leads to increased fragility and increased risk of pathological and spontaneous fractures.