This can result in faster postoperative mobilization, less pain, faster rehabilitation. As the example shows, to join two vertebrae during a stabilization operation can be performed with approx. two 4-6 cm wide incisions, as opposed to open surgery, where in this case one incision is made but it is approx. 10-20 wide.
Although the conventional, also known as open, surgical procedure is more convenient for the surgeon, it is not necessarily more beneficial for the patient, as the minimally invasive technique, thanks to the smaller incision, also causes much less tissue damage during the procedure.
A good example of this is anterior or lateral spine opening, during which incisions of 15-30 cm were made in the past, but today, thanks to the new technology, incisions of 5-8 cm are sufficient in most cases.
However, unfortunately, open surgery is not always avoidable.
Essentially, the main advantage of minimally invasive surgical procedures is that, in addition to achieving a result similar to their open counterpart, with less postoperative pain, they provide faster recovery, lower infection rates, and a more aesthetic skin scars.