Vaginal ultrasound gives an accurate picture of the location, size and structure of the uterus. During the examination, the gynaecologist gently slides the gel-coated probe into the vagina. By moving the head, the entire pelvis becomes visible.
During a palpatory breast examination, the gynaecologist examines the abnormalities around the breast as well as the armpits. Breast palpation is performed by a specialist only at the request of the patient. If you experience a lesion, the gynaecologist recommends an ultrasound or mammography.
Cervical cancer screening
During cervical cancer screening (cytology), the gynaecologist takes a secretion sample (smear) from the surface of the cervix and the front of the cervical canal using a cell sampling device, which is applied to a slide.
The given cell sample is subsequently subjected to a microscopic examination and evaluated by a cytopathologist. Possible pathological conditions can be inferred from changes in the epithelial cells in the smear.
A colposcope is a light-emitting and magnifying system that is capable of magnifying (usually 5 to 30 times) multiple parts of the body and living tissues.
If the results of the cervical cancer screening show a lesion, the gynaecologist will also perform a colposcopy. During the examination, the vaginal walls supported by the spatula allow the cervix to be seen. The examination itself is painless and takes only a few minutes after the vagina is explored. The epithelial abnormalities become more contrasting and easily visible on the surface of the cervix that is treated with acetic acid.