During the examination, it is possible to treat the detected lesions surgically (operative hysteroscopy).
Surgery can usually be performed under intravenous anaesthesia or local anaesthesia in combination with mild sedatives. After proper preparation, in the case of diagnostic hysteroscopy, the device is inserted through the cervix into the uterine cavity. In case of therapeutic intervention, dilation of the cervix is also necessary.
With the help of the camera on the hysteroscope, the inner surface of the uterus, the lumen of the fallopian tubes become visible, and possible lesions can be detected (polyps, myomas, adhesions, developmental disorders, morphological changes, etc.)