The internal medicine examination begins with the recording of the medical history. The specialist will ask the patient about the nature of the complaint, how long it has been present, whether he or she may have any other known illnesses, drug sensitivities, allergies, or whether there has been any cardiovascular, respiratory, or cancerous disease in the family.
This is followed by a physical examination, which includes the measurement of blood pressure, heart rate, body weight, height, and the determination of bodyweight index. The specialist first examines the colour of the skin and the visible mucous membranes, then uses a stethoscope to listen to the heart and lungs, after which they palpate the thyroid and lymph nodes by hand and checks the condition of the abdominal organs (liver, spleen).
Based on the results of the physical examinations, he determines the further course of the examination, the examinations necessary to establish the diagnosis. The internist can also order laboratory tests, ultrasound tests, imaging diagnostic tests, ECG, and other related examinations by a specialist.
It is also worth visiting an internal medicine clinic every one or two years even without a complaint for the purpose of a screening.