The Bartholin’s gland ensures the presence of vaginal mucosa. It is located in the lower third of the labia majora, at the vaginal entrance. There are two glands, about 1 cm, on each side, each with an outlet tube 2 cm long. Under normal conditions, Bartholin’s glands are not palpable, but the opening of their outlet tubes is mostly visible.
Inflammation of the glands is associated with pain, swelling, and sometimes fever. In addition to swelling, there is redness and throbbing pain, which can be felt more intensely when walking and sitting.