A characteristic symptom of a bunion is an overgrowth on the inside of the foot next to the big toe. In the inner and lateral part of the joint, the bursa can easily become inflamed under the effect of constant increased pressure (e.g. tight shoes), which is accompanied by increased pain when the inflammation flares up.
As a result of rubbing, the skin above the deformed joint can easily become inflamed, shrunk or even ulcerated. In the case of a tailor’s bunion, the characteristic symptoms are pain in the outer sole, widening of the foreleg, which may be accompanied by swelling and redness.
The most important condition for treating the bunion is to restore the statics of the foot to slow down the progress of the deformity, because once the deformity develops, it can no longer be reversed.
The most important thing is to wear the right shoes, insoles or orthopaedic shoes if necessary, which leaves enough space for the toes. If possible, choose wide shoes with a round toe and heels not higher than 2-3cm. It is also worth paying attention to the exercise of the foot, during which we can strengthen the muscles holding the arch of the foot. Trainings that exercise the foot and move the toes strengthen the muscles that hold the arch.
In case of pain and inflammation, anti-inflammatory preparations can be used as symptomatic treatment. Special medical aids can also improve the condition, with a bunion toe rail at night and various silicone bunion protectors and toe separators during the day.
It is important to emphasize that a smaller deformity is always easier to treat than a more serious one. Therefore, if a small lesion occurs, consult an orthopaedic doctor as soon as possible. Restoration of the original shape of the foot is only possible surgically.