Proctology is a subspecialty of general surgery that deals with the diagnostics and treatment of the diseases of the rectum. Diseases of the rectum include external and internal hemorrhoids. Almost 40% of the population over 50 suffers from this condition. Another prominent rectal disease is rectal cancer, which remains symptomless for a long time and which is one of the most common cause of death among neoplastic diseases.
Furthermore, proctology deals with the investigation and treatment of various inflammatory diseases, benign and malignant lesions of the rectum, and of anal fissures.
Proctology service includes the following
- anoscopy (rectoscopy)
- hemorrhoid treatment
- removal of anal polyps (small, benign tumors)
- taking biopsy specimens for histology examination