Clinical chemistry tests cover a wide range of laboratory tests.
Includes enzyme tests in the blood, which can be used to look for tissue and cell damage to determine which organ has been injured or damaged (e.g., liver tests include AST, cholinesterase, and LDH).
The laboratory tests of heart disease, mainly the differences in CK, CK-MB, LDH are observed, and in the case of diabetes, the most common tests are glucose (blood sugar) and HbA1c.
In the case of the excretory organ system, like kidney and the urinary tract, urea and creatinine levels are examined, in the case of the digestive system, saliva, gastric juice, pepsin, gastrin, Helicobacter, pancreatic enzymes, absorption and feces, and fecal blood tests are included in the clinical chemistry laboratory tests.
During fat metabolism, fats and fatty substances are built up and disassembled primarily in the liver. Therefore, periodic monitoring of cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, and HDL levels is recommended. In the case of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, the blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels are increased, which increases the risk of atherosclerosis (arteriosclerosis) and cardiovascular disease.
For bone diseases and osteoporosis, the control of calcium, phosphate, and vitamin D levels are the primary testing area.