According to international statistics, the outcome after surgery is 90-95% good or excellent.
Very rarely, but even with the greatest care, inflammation and infection of the surgical site, damage to the surrounding anatomical structures – tendons, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, adjacent bones – allergic reactions, reduced mobility, instability of the operated joint, pain, swelling, hypertrophic or keloid scars can occur during and after the operation. In milder cases, medication may be necessary, in more severe cases, the operation might need to be repeated.
A careful examination takes place before the surgical plan is made. A physical examination can be used to assess the range of movement, whether it is restricted or abnormal, and the intensity of any pain. Imaging tests (X-rays, MRI, CT) provide information on the geometry of the joint.