Immunological laboratory tests
Why is laboratory testing important?
Laboratory tests can help identify or, where appropriate, rule out the underlying diseases.
However, it is important to highlight that the result of a laboratory test does not in itself constitute a diagnosis, only the results are included in the finding. You will receive the diagnosis, therapy or treatment recommendation from your specialist or treating physician who ordered the laboratory tests.
Contact your doctor with all laboratory test results.
Immunological laboratory tests examine the functioning of the system that protects the body. The immune system normally tries to protect our body from viruses and bacteria that are foreign to it by distinguishing between “own” and “foreign” molecules (antigens) in our body. As a first step, it recognises these and then begins to produce antibodies. The levels of these antibodies can be measured during laboratory tests.
They can also be used to detect the causes of recurrent infections, immunodeficiency diseases, and autoimmune diseases.
In autoimmune diseases, the body’s immune system produces antibodies against its own cells, tissues, organs and organ system. These are called autoantibodies. The diagnosis of autoimmune diseases is supported by the laboratory with autoantibody detection and special immunological laboratory tests.
Available laboratory tests
- Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Antibody
- ANA Hep-2
- ANA ANA ELISA
- ANCA (pattern, titre, MPO, PR-3)
- ANCA profile (MPO, PR-3, cathepsin, elastase, lactoferrin, BPI antibodies)
- Anti-annexin V IgG antibodies
- Anti-annexin V IgM antibodies
- Anti-C1q antibody
- anti-DNA antibodies
- Phospholipid Antibodies (Cardiolipin, B2GPI)
- Laboratory testing of inflammatory bowel diseases (ASCA IgA/IgG)
- Autoantibodies to autoimmune skin disease
- Beta-2 microglobulin (B2M)
- C3 (Complement 3 factor)
- C4 (Complement 4 factor)
- CCP antibody
- Cellular immune status (alloimmune)
- EMA IgA/IgG (anti-endomysial antibodies)
- ENA panel
- Phosphatidylserine IgG antibodies
- Phosphatidylserine IgM antibodies
- GADA (Glutamate-decarboxylase antibody)
- Ganglioside autoantibody profile (IgG/IgM)
- IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM
- IgG subclasses
- Immunofixation (paraprotein detection)
- Anti-insulin antibody
- Anti-adrenal cortex antibodies
- NK lymphocyte function
- Onconeural antibody profile
- Prothrombin antibody
- Rheumatoid factor (RF)
- Rubeola immunity
- Antisperm antibodies
- Fecal Calprotectin
- Fecal Pancreatic Elastase
- Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (IgG+IgA)
- Tissue-specific autoantibodies (AMA, SMA, LKM, PCA, ARA, EAT)
- TH1-TH2 cytokine dominance