In the case of blood clotting or thrombophilia, the blood clotting is well above normal. The resulting blood clots cause blockages in the blood vessels. Increased tendency to clot can occur due to genetic mutations – the Leiden mutation -, certain diseases or the use of medicines.
In case of increased blood clotting, the following conditions may occur:
Deep vein thrombosis
If a blood clot forms in one of the deep-running veins in the body, we can talk about deep vein thrombosis. It mostly occurs in the legs, it effects the thighs as well as the blood vessels running in the calf. The most common symptoms of deep vein thrombosis are swelling and warmth of the affected limb, as well as purple-red discoloration of the skin in the area.
A myocardial infarction occurs when a blood clot in the heart clogs or greatly narrows an artery. Insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle leads to myocardial necrosis. In some cases, there may be no detectable signs, but there are symptoms that indicate the presence of a heart attack. These include chest pain in the direction of the shoulder, arm or back, a feeling of medium pressure in the chest, more frequent chest pain, and sweating, shortness of breath, nausea / vomiting.
Stroke is a condition in which inadequate blood flow leads to brain tissue damage. Its main symptoms are sudden blurred vision, dizziness, loss of balance, unexpected, severe headache, memory impairment, voice formation problems, speech comprehension problems, numbness of one side of the body, or spatial orientation, and disturbance in perception.
Problems during pregnancy (pregnancy high blood pressure, risk of deep vein thrombosis)