Inflammatory bowel disease, also known as IBD, is a condition associated with chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract. It covers two different conditions, which, however, show similarities in their symptoms and course: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
In case of both diseases, inflammatory processes appear following the immune response of the immune system, which leads to the development of symptoms. This immune response is accompanied by the destruction of intestinal cells.
The characteristic symptoms are the same in the two diseases: abdominal pain, bloody, mucous diarrhoea, bloating, malaise, fever, fatigue. Moreover, both diseases have characteristic, disease-specific symptoms. Complaints occur intermittently in both diseases, with symptomatic and asymptomatic periods.
The development of the disease requires a complex interaction of several factors: genetic predisposition, environmental factors (stress, diet, medications, sleep), imbalance of the intestinal flora.
In Hungary, nearly 40-50 thousand people are affected by some form of inflammatory bowel diseases. They can develop at any age, but their occurrence is most common between the ages of 15 and 30 years. What they have in common is that they last a lifetime, but they can be treated well, with the help of which the patient can be asymptomatic.