Vaccinations - Vaccination Center
The activities of the vaccination center are aimed at immunizing children and adult patients who need to be vaccinated against diseases that can be prevented by vaccination due to their age, underlying diseases, occupation, travel intentions, and provide information and counselling in this regard. The scope of counselling includes the vaccination of employed, foreign citizens (adults and children) staying in Hungary (for more than 3 months) in accordance with the Hungarian vaccination regulations and the current epidemiological situation. If necessary, the condition of the children’s participation in the community (kindergarten, school, dormitory) is also supported, for which we provide the necessary vaccination documentation. Special care for patients with underlying diseases and immunological injuries is also possible.
Influenza vaccines contain inactivated virus or a specific part of it. It is important to emphasize that a vaccine containing an inactivated virus does not cause disease, its only role is to put the immune system in a position to protect itself against the flu. In some cases, fever, headache, tiredness, weakness, discomfort, redness, swelling and mild pain at the site of the injection may occur after the vaccine has been given. These symptoms only temporarily cause unpleasantness. After a few days, they subside spontaneously and then they pass.
Vaccination is recommended over the age of six months. Protection against influenza develops in 2-3 weeks after vaccination.
Before requesting a vaccine, be sure to talk to your doctor about the possibility of vaccination (taking into account your medical history, whether you have ever had a severe allergic reaction after eating eggs, whether you needed medical intervention after a previous vaccination).
Hepatitis A vaccination
Liver inflammation, also known as hepatitis, can develop for several reasons. A group of infectious agents that cause the inflammation of liver are hepatitis viruses. These viruses attack the liver cells directly.
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is caused via the gastrointestinal system. The virus enters the environment with the faeces of the infected individual where it remains viable for a long time. By contaminated hands, food, drink, or open water, it may spread to other persons. In developed countries, the disease is less common.
If Hepatitis A is suspected, its presence in the body can be detected by laboratory tests.
Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for:
- Travellers visiting an epidemic area
- People with chronic liver disease
- People with haemophilia
- Laboratory workers
- Healthcare workers
- Homosexual persons
- Intravenous drug users
The first dose of the vaccine can be given to young children between the ages of 12 and 23 months. For travellers, it is recommended to receive the first dose 4-5 weeks before the trip. It takes at least two weeks to develop the right level of protection.
Hepatitis B vaccination
In case of the 3-dose vaccination, the second injection is given one month after the first one, and the third injection is given in 6 to 12 months after the first vaccination. For children aged between 11-15 years, 2 doses are sufficient.
Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for people who:
- Often change sexual partners
- Have had sexually transmitted diseases several times
- Are homosexuals
- Are intravenous drug users
- Suffer from haemophilia
- Suffer from chronic liver disease
- Are undergoing artificial kidney treatment
- Carry chronic hepatitis C virus
- Are professional soldiers
- Are healthcare workers
- Are travellers visiting a foreign country where hepatitis B infection is common.
Typhoid fever is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Salmonella typhi, which is a type of typhus. The infection is spread through a pathogen-contaminated drink or food. It is more common in developing countries, while it is rare in developed countries. The bacteria stick to the lymph nodes in the small and large intestines. They can cause ulcers and they enter the bloodstream. They cause flu-like symptoms. At an advanced stage, intestinal complications develop, and the heart and the nervous system can be damaged.
The vaccine provides protection for 3 years from the date of injection. Full protection develops after about 2 weeks, so it is recommended that the patient receives it at least this much time before the trip.
The vaccine can be given from 2 years of age. A booster dose is recommended every 3 years.
Vaccination against typhoid is recommended for the following people:
- Travellers travelling to an epidemic-affected area
- Laboratory workers who are at risk
- Bacteria carriers or individuals living in the vicinity of persons suffering from a disease
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccination
The incubation period of tick-borne encephalitis is about 1 week, in some cases up to 1 month. In a typical case (can be divided into two stages), a mild degree of fever occurs in the first few days, then after a few asymptomatic days, high fever and severe headache, dizziness, vomiting occur, accompanied by muscle pain. Exacerbating symptoms may cause loss of consciousness and paralysis. The disease is rarely (in only 1%) fatal, but in 10%, it causes permanent paralysis, and in nearly 40%, it also causes permanent mental and physical damage. Given the fact that there is no therapeutic option to successfully treat the disease, prevention is essential for adequate protection.
Three vaccinations are required to obtain immunity. The second vaccination should be given in 1 to 3 months after the first injection, and the third dose should be given 9 to 12 months later.
Regarding the vaccination, the winter period before the spring activity of the ticks is ideal, when there is no risk of infection.
Tick-borne encephalitis vaccination is recommended for:
- Long-term residents, hikers, campers in areas affected by the risk of infection (Sweden, Finland, the Baltic States, Germany, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Russia and Siberia).
- Individuals (hunters, foresters, lumbermen) who are at risk due to their occupation