The haematological examination begins with recording the patient’s medical history, inherited diseases, and symptoms. This is followed by a general physical examination (examination of the lymph nodes as well as the condition of the spleen). Enlargement of the lymph nodes may indicate some haematological disease and therefore, in addition to the indication of blood sampling, further tests may be performed.
The proportion of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets, their health is vital. Quantitative changes in any of them can interfere with the normal functioning of the body. Abnormalities in this blood count can easily come to light during a routine blood draw. The exact laboratory items will be determined by the haematologist during the consultation.
However, since abnormal blood counts may not necessarily indicate lymphatic or bone marrow damage, but may be an infection or an autoimmune disease, your doctor may recommend additional gastroenterological tests.
In some cases, cytological sampling and histological analysis of bone marrow or lymph nodes may be required.
Additionally, imaging procedures may assist in accurate diagnosis in the form of ultrasound, CT, or MRI.