Breast cancer is the most frequent tumorous disease in women. Its incidence is continuously growing: about 4500 new diagnoses are made each year. Most patients are between the ages of 45 and 65; the disease is rarer in younger and older women. According to international experience, mortality due to breast cancer can be lowered by 30-50% with regular screening. The X-ray examination detects the microcalcifications that ultrasound cannot visualize.
With regular mammography screening, early diagnosis, and adequate therapy, the condition can be treated successfully, and specialists hope to steadily decrease the number of women succumbing to breast cancer in Hungary.
During screening, a two-view mammography image is recorded of both breasts. After a physical examination, individual and family histories are taken and risk factors are assessed. The recorded images are evaluated. In some cases, further examinations are necessary to establish the diagnosis, these may be additional, special X-ray images (e.g. targeted – magnified images, which give a more accurate picture of the lesion in question), it may be an ultrasound examination, filling the mammary ducts in case of nipple discharge, or taking an ultrasound-guided biopsy specimen. The accuracy rate of the screening examination is 90-95%, so the disease may remain hidden and develop as a nodule palpated by the patient between two screening examinations.
According to diagnostic examinations, we will recommend follow-up examinations differently from the two-year follow-up if necessary, or surgery. In case surgery is needed, the patient’s course will be decided by a team of oncologists, radiologists, surgeons, and pathologists, based on the available test results.