It is recommended that regular, physical (palpation) self-examinations of the breast be performed for all ages, but it is also recommended to participate in regular breast screening (mammography) examinations over the age of 40.
The development of breast cancer is influenced by several risk factors, one of the most important of which is age. As you age, the levels of the hormone oestrogen in the body also change, which plays an important role in the development of most breast tumours. Other risks include obesity, previous radiotherapy, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and if breast cancer has occurred in the family. Above the age of 40, it is recommended that you have a breast screening every 2 years, even if you do not have any complaints, in case any of these risk factors.
Complex breast diagnostic examination (or clinical breast diagnosis) is necessary in case of complaints or in case of a positive or doubtful mammographic examination performed in the framework of breast screening. The purpose of the complex breast examination is to provide an accurate picture of the lesion with the help of additional examinations.
It is recommended to have a complex breast examination performed with a medical indication, with a written medical recommendation.