The paediatric dermatological examination begins with the recording of the small patient’s medical history. The dermatologist will interview both the parent and the child in detail about their perceived symptoms, primarily skin-related but also any other previous illnesses. The paediatric dermatologist then continues the examination by examining the altered skin surface. If necessary, with a magnifying glass or a special device with internal lighting and a magnifying glass, the so-called dermatoscope, the paediatric dermatologist also examines the formulas of the epithelium and skin.
If necessary, the paediatric dermatologist may order a blood test to make a diagnosis or refer the child to another specialist, such as an internist, to rule out the involvement of other organs, or to have surgery to remove the problematic skin lesions.