Items tested in the second trimester laboratory package:
A blood count is a complex test used to determine the relative and absolute number, type, size, shape, and other physical characteristics of the formed elements (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets) present in the blood.
Screening for metabolic and renal disorders.
The test is used to detect gestational diabetes, diabetes that has not yet caused complaints, and the condition that precedes it (decreased glucose tolerance), and to assess carbohydrate metabolism.
The test is performed in the morning on an empty stomach with two samples. First, fasting blood is taken, followed by a blood sugar check. If the measured value is less than 7 .00 mmol/l, the test can be performed. The expectant mother then consumes a sweet solution containing 75g of glucose. This is followed by a second blood test after 120 minutes, from which glucose tolerance can be determined after checking the blood sugar level.
During normal metabolism, the 120-minute value should return to a level around the fasting value. If it stays higher, the result may indicate a carbohydrate metabolism disorder.