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Pregnancy laboratory tests - Second trimester

The second trimester of pregnancy is a calmer, more balanced period for the expectant mother compared to the first, with far fewer morning sicknesses and a more energetic state. However, examination of some items is also of paramount importance during this period for the health of the mother and the healthy, proper development of the foetus.

Second trimester laboratory tests

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Premium package

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Pregnancy laboratory tests - Second trimester basic laboratory package

Items tested in the second trimester laboratory package:

Blood count

A blood count is a complex test used to determine the relative and absolute number, type, size, shape, and other physical characteristics of the formed elements (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets) present in the blood.

Total urine + sediment

Screening for metabolic and renal disorders.

75g blood sugar tolerance

The test is used to detect gestational diabetes, diabetes that has not yet caused complaints, and the condition that precedes it (decreased glucose tolerance), and to assess carbohydrate metabolism.

The test is performed in the morning on an empty stomach with two samples. First, fasting blood is taken, followed by a blood sugar check. If the measured value is less than 7 .00 mmol/l, the test can be performed. The expectant mother then consumes a sweet solution containing 75g of glucose. This is followed by a second blood test after 120 minutes, from which glucose tolerance can be determined after checking the blood sugar level.

During normal metabolism, the 120-minute value should return to a level around the fasting value. If it stays higher, the result may indicate a carbohydrate metabolism disorder.

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Pregnancy laboratory tests - Second trimester premium package

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Items tested in the second trimester premium laboratory package:

Items of the second trimester basic laboratory package

Blood count
Total urine + sediment
75 g blood sugar load

Vitamin D

It examines problems related to bone metabolism as well as parathyroid function.

The main function of vitamin D is to maintain the balance of calcium homeostasis. Calcium is an essential building material of bones, the absorption of which is facilitated by vitamin D, which is produced in the skin mainly by sunlight, but can also be taken into the body in smaller amounts with food. Adequate intake of vitamin D is essential for the expectant mother because it contributes to the healthy development of the skeletal system, musculature, and nervous system of the foetus.

Serum iron

The test is used to measure the amount of iron in the body. Iron is an essential trace element that promotes the formation of healthy red blood cells. Low iron levels can lead to anaemia, which can occur during pregnancy as the developing foetus utilizes the mother’s reserves. If it persists for a long time, the risk of developmental disorders as well as premature birth increases significantly.

Transferrin

Examination of the blood’s ability to transport iron.

Transferrin is the major iron-carrying protein in the blood. From the degree of iron saturation, it can be inferred that the body’s iron stores are full. Transferrin concentrations are decreased in case of malnutrition and other conditions that cause a decrease in plasma proteins.

How do I prepare for the test?

Having an empty stomach is required for the second trimester basic laboratory package, however, you may have a light (fat-free) breakfast in case of the premium package.

When is the result expected?

In case of the basic package, after the 2nd working day following the test, and after the 3rd working day when it comes to the premium package.

How much do the second trimester laboratory packages cost?

Basic package: 9 000 HUF

Premium package: 12 000 HUF

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