Triglycerides (neutral fats) are the main components of dietary fats (e.g. butter, lard) that provide energy to our bodies. While some of the fat that enters the body covers energy needs, the remaining, unused portion is stored in adipose tissue. In case of excessive carbohydrate intake, our own body also produces triglycerides.
Normally, triglycerides are only present in small amounts in the blood.
Due to malnutrition, thyroid disease (hyperthyroidism, overactivity), taking certain medications, excessive alcohol consumption, inflammation of the pancreas, and inherited metabolic disease can all contribute to high triglyceride levels.
Hypertriglyceridemia is a severe metabolic disease with high triglyceride levels
Due to very high triglyceride levels, the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease is significantly increased. Medication can be used to prevent the development of more serious complications, furthermore you should avoid bad habits (alcohol, smoking), and begin exercising regularly.
A fat metabolism laboratory test alone is not yet sufficient to make a diagnosis. Depending on the results of the laboratory test, it is recommended to see an internal medicine specialist.