The course of a paediatric orthopaedic examination depends on whether the small patient arrives for a screening examination or with a specific complaint.
In both cases, the examination begins with the recording of the musculoskeletal history. This allows the orthopaedist to track the development of the musculoskeletal organs in the context of growth throughout childhood. The specialist asks the parent in detail about the circumstances of the birth, previous treatments, events, possible accidents, and surgical interventions.
This is followed by a physical examination: in case of a screening examination, the specialist checks the shape and function of the soles, gait, posture, chest, spine and joints, as well as the reflexes. In case of a specific complaint, after the physical examination of the given area, the doctor can also order special diagnostic examinations (MRI, CT, X-ray, ultrasound, laboratory tests) to establish the diagnosis.
Once again, we would like to emphasize the importance of regular orthopaedic screenings in childhood, as various musculoskeletal complaints can still be corrected at this age, preventing problems in adulthood.