A urine test can shed light on kidney function disorders and multiple metabolic disorders as well as internal medicine problems. It is suitable for detecting urinary tract infections, but can also indicate the presence of diabetes or inflammation in the body.
Urine culture can be used to detect and identify fungi and bacteria in urine. Urine is produced in the kidneys. The kidneys, according to their function, filter out waste products from the blood and then excrete urine to help eliminate harmful substances from the body.
Urine enters the bladder through the ureters, where it is stored for a while and then excreted through the urethra. Urine is mostly sterile, however, fungi or bacteria can return to the urethra from the skin surface, causing a urinary tract infection.
PSA is a prostate-specific antigen (protein) that is produced by the glands of the prostate. Most of it is excreted in the semen, but a small amount also enters the bloodstream. Given that PSA levels can vary even in healthy men or may be a function of age, an annual PSA level measurement will provide the physician with adequate information about how pathogenic the values are. It is important that the PSA test is not used to diagnose cancer!