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Serological testing for viral hepatitis

Serological testing for viral hepatitis

When is it recommended to perform the test?

How to prepare for the examination?

How much does the test cost?

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When is the test recommended?

Laboratory testing for viral hepatitis is a serological screening package for active and past infections. It aims to demonstrate seronegativity (a negative result, meaning that antibody levels are below the threshold) and to detect hepatitis A and B protection. Laboratory tests required for working abroad.

What tests does the viral hepatitis laboratory package include?

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies:

The test shows the presence of antibodies produced as an immune response to HCV infection.

Given that the test is not able to distinguish between active and previous infections, if the test is positive, other tests are needed to confirm the presence of infection.

HBsAg

Hepatitis B surface antigen occurs after Hepatitis B virus infection, a few weeks before the onset of clinical symptoms. If the test shows a presence in the body, it indicates infection or infectivity to the patient.

Anti-HBs

The antibody appears after the course of hepatitis B infection or vaccination. If the patient develops adequate protection, only the anti-HBs antibody can be detected in the study, while the other markers are negative.

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Anti-HBc

The anti-HBc antibody is formed as a result of an immune response against Hepatitis B virus infection. It can be detected in both acute, chronic and cured infections. Following infection, the antibody is present in the body for the patients whole life.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies

The cytomegalovirus test shows whether the subject has recently had or still has a CMV infection.

CMV infection remains clinically unnoticed in an individual with an adequate immune system. It can be a more serious problem if a pregnant mother with an otherwise healthy immune system first encounters the pathogen during her pregnancy. Infection can cause serious damage to the fetus.

Epstein-Barr virus antibodies

The test helps diagnose mononucleosis.

Epstein-Barr virus infection can occur at any age. It is often asymptomatic or mild in children. EBV infection is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis, which is associated with sore throat, fever, and lymph node enlargement. The disease is spread by contact (saliva), develops in the body 4-6 weeks after infection and can last for 1-2 months.

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies

The test is needed to diagnose hepatitis A virus infection. The test is also warranted if the need for vaccination against hepatitis A virus needs to be established or the body’s response to vaccination needs to be monitored.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) antibodies

The test is needed to diagnose hepatitis E virus infection. Hepatitis E usually does not cause a complaint. In some cases, however, symptoms may include abdominal pain, fever, and jaundice.

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How to prepare for the examination?

There is no need to arrive on an empty stomach for the sampling.

When will your results arrive?

You will receive your results 9-14 workdays after the examination.

How much does the examination cost?

The price of serological testing for viral hepatitis is 25,000 HUF.

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